Wrinkles are flexures, folds, or crimps on the skin. They naturally form as people and the skin get older. Wrinkles is common to appear the face and in areas where the skin naturally folds. They appear due to the skin becoming thinner and less elastic over time.
They appear mainly on parts of the body that are exposed to the sun. such as the face, neck, back of the hands, and arms. Wrinkles are natural part of growing older, and they affect any skin type.
There are different causes of wrinkles, what increases their appearance as well as there are ways to prevent or manage it.
Causes Of Wrinkles
Many factors influence the development of wrinkles, they include: aging, smoking, sun exposure,dehydration, environmental and genetic factors as well as side effects from some medications.
The natural aging process
Wrinkles are a natural part of the aging process. As people get older, their skin becomes thinner, drier, and less elastic, which means it is less able to protect itself from damage. This leads to wrinkles, creases and lines on the skin. Facial expressions, such as smiling, frowning, or squinting, lead to the development of fine lines and wrinkles at a young age. These lines deepen as the person gets older.
When a person is young, their skin springs back. As they get older, the skin loses its flexibility, and it becomes more difficult for the skin to spring back, resulting in permanent grooves. Wrinkles affect people of different skin tones differently due to structural and functional differences in the skin.
Tobacco smoke however is a very important artificial cause of wrinkles because it contains thousands of toxic chemicals that can damage the cells of your skin and lead to signs of premature aging. Smoking can cause deeper wrinkles on the face, particularly between the eyebrows, around the eyes, and around the mouth and lips.
Research finds that smoking narrows blood vessels, reducing the amount of oxygen your skin gets. Smoking also increases the production of free radicals and lowers levels of vitamin A in the skin. All these factors play a role in aging skin prematurely.
Frequent exposure to Sun light and Ultraviolet lights in general.
Too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light and rays from sunbathing, tanning booths, and outdoor sports increases the development of wrinkles. UV light breaks down the collagen and elastin fibers in the skin. These fibers form the connective tissue that supports the skin. As this layer breaks down, the skin becomes weaker and less flexible. The skin starts to droop, and wrinkles appear.
Darker skin contains more melanin and protects from many harmful effects of UV radiation. People who work in sunlight have a higher chance of early wrinkles. Wearing clothes that cover the skin, such as hats or long sleeves, may delay the development of wrinkles.
Regular smoking accelerates the aging process of skin because it reduces the blood supply to the skin. Alcohol dehydrates the skin, and dry skin is more likely to develop wrinkles.
Treatment and Management of Wrinkles
There are many treatments available to help reduce fine lines on the skin. For deeper creases, a person may require more aggressive techniques, such as plastic surgery or injections of fillers.
Topical retinoids derive from vitamin A. They aim to reduce fine wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and skin roughness. They do this by increasing collagen production in the skin. However, using retinoids can cause the skin to burn in sunlight, so it’s essential to protect the skin while using the cream. Possible adverse effects include: Dryness, Itching, burning sensation, tingling and discolored areas.
Everybody gets wrinkles and lines that become more prominent over time. Some ways to prevent or reduce their development include:
*Using sun protection. Avoiding UV exposure reduces skin damage. Dermatologists recommend wearing a hat and clothing to protect the skin and using a sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher every day. You can check this in our store Equate sunscreen spray 30 spf
*Moisturizing regularly. Moisturizing prevents dryness, which reduces the chance of wrinkles forming.
*Quitting smoking. Smoking greatly speeds up skin aging and causes skin wrinkles.
* Drinking less alcohol. Alcohol dehydrates the skin, which causes damage over time.
* Eating a healthful, balanced diet. Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables can prevent skin damage, whereas sugar and refined carbs can speed up skin aging.
* Washing your face twice a day. Use a gentle cleanser. Rubbing the skin can cause irritation and speed up skin aging.
* Washing your face after heavy sweating. Sweat can irritate the skin, causing damage over time. This is especially true when wearing a hat or helmet.